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Abortion (a Legislative Issue)


Introduction

To abort means to terminate before completion. In abortion, this means to end a pregnancy before the fetus is viable or able to live on its own. A fetus may spontaneously abort after developing a problem due to injury, decease or genetic defect. In addition, some people may decide to have an abortion. Of course, if a woman knows that she does not want a child in the first place, she should take whatever precautions are needed to prevent the pregnancy, but she may not always be successful.

There are many different reasons why someone may want to end a pregnancy. For instance, a woman's life or health may be endangered, a fetus may have a major defect, a woman was raped, a woman is too young or too old, or a woman is just not mentally or financially ready.

Currently, women do have the right to have an abortion, but that right is under attack. In the case of saving a woman's life, most people would not argue against abortion. On the other hand, some people believe that a fetus is already a person, so they may feel that there are few if any reasons strong enough to end its life, even to save the mother's life. Anti-abortion advocates are getting more and more limits placed on abortions and are driving doctors away from performing the procedure.

Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice

The abortion issue has split many people into one of two opposing camps. On the one side are the people who want to keep abortion legal and on the other side are people who want to put strict limits on abortion or stop it altogether. These camps often label themselves Pro-Choice and Pro-Life and label the other side as Anti-Life and Anti-Choice. None of these labels give an accurate picture of what people believe and can be used to mislead people. We need to do away with these labels, so that we can remain objective and can discuss the real issues.

Independent Life

In the abortion debate, people often talk about when they believe life begins. Does life begins at conception, at birth, or when a fetus is viable? In at least one culture that I have heard of, life did not really begin until a year after birth. In this context, the question of when life begins sounds like a difficult question, but it is really quite simple.

Let’s take a look at an egg and a sperm. They start out as already living cells, which are part of their larger living host organisms. Once they are created, there is no question that they will soon die unless they combine with each other. If they do combine, life does not begin, since the egg and sperm were already living. Two living cells simply have merged and have become one, and its life continues. In this new form, it starts down an arduous path that may lead it to becoming a new independent living organism.

Therefore, the question is not about when life begins, but about when does independent life begin. In other words, when does it become an actual independent organism? After birth, there should be no question that it is an independent living organism. Of course, some people say it happens earlier, when the fetus becomes viable, but viability is more a question of degree that of absolute certainty. Before it is viable, a fetus is more like a parasite that can only survive by feeding off its host and is not truly independent.

Beliefs

For some people, the question is not about when a developing human fetus becomes an independent person, but more a question of when it gains a soul or self awareness. Therefore, this is not a question that can be answered by medical science, but is something that must be decided by each individual based on his or her personal and religious beliefs. Since it is the woman who will need to devote the time and energy and to endure the stress on her body that would come from being pregnant, it should be left up to her to decide based on her beliefs whether or not to carry the fetus to term.

In this country, we believe in religious freedom, where people can live their lives in accordance with their beliefs without interference. We all need to respect the beliefs of others. This means that each individual should decide his or her stand on abortion, and not interfere with another person's decision. Of course, we all have the right to express our opinions about abortion, but we also all have the right to decide whether or not to listen to other people’s opinions.

Laws

Given that this is a matter of personal belief, abortion must be kept legal, so that a woman has the option to have the procedure done in a safe environment under good medical care. Laws should be there to ensure the procedure will be done by qualified medical professionals in a clean medical facility with the necessary medical equipment needed to protect the health of the woman.

In the case of a minor, the question becomes whether she or her parents should make the decision. When a minor and her parents agree on the course of action, then there is no problem. When they do not agree, there needs to be procedures in place so that a minor or her parents can petition the courts for a rapid decision on whether or not the minor is mature enough to make an informed decision. Safeguards must be in place so that the court’s decision is made based on her maturity and not on whether she wants to have an abortion or carry the fetus to term. This matter must be handled in an expedited fashion in order to ensure women are not forced to continue any unwanted pregnancies any longer than necessary.

In the case of rape, it is actually in the best interest of society for the pregnancy to be terminated. Someone should never be allowed to get away with forcing a woman to have his child. If a woman wants an abortion, then the law should provide for a rape victim’s fund that would pay for the procedure. On the other hand, if a woman really wants to give birth to a rapist’s child, then that should still be her right. In either case, a rapist should be required to pay for the abortion or to help pay for the birth and care of the child.

Although, in general, no one should be forced to have an abortion, there are cases when it may be necessary. Today, the world has a major problem with overpopulation. It is endangering all life on the planet, from all the species that have or are going extinct to our very own future existence. Until we get this problem under control, a woman who refuses to limit the number of children she has is a treat. The law must provide some means, as needed, to force contraception or an abortion.

When a fetus is injured or killed by an assailant, its legal status should be determined by the woman. If she was planning to give birth, then the assailant would be charged with two crimes, one against the women and one against the future child. If the woman was not planning to continue the pregnancy, then there would only be one crime.

For those people who believe that abortions are wrong, they still have the right to express their opinion. On the other hand, if a woman does not want to listen, she does not have to listen. Once a woman has said no, then that should be it. It applies to unwanted sexual advances and it applies to being prevented from having an abortion or listening to anti-abortion messages. The laws need to prevent people from blocking abortion clinics and from any form of intimidation against the clinic’s staff or patients.

Next Section

Suicide - Legalize Suicide in a way that people have a humane way to die.

Last Updated:
Sunday, November 26, 2017
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